Muhammad (Arabic: محمد; c. 570 – 8 June 632), full name Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim (ابو القاسم محمد ابن عبد الله ابن عبد المطلب ابن هاشم), from Mecca, unified Arabia into a single religious polity under Islam. Believed by Muslims and Bahá’ís to be a prophet and messenger of God, Muhammad is almost universally considered by Muslims as the last prophet sent by God to mankind. While non-Muslims generally regard Muhammad as the founder of Islam, Muslims consider him to have restored the unaltered original monotheistic faith of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets in Islam.
Born approximately in 570 CE in the Arabian city of Mecca, Muhammad was orphaned at an early age; he was raised under the care of his paternal uncle Abu Talib. After his childhood Muhammad primarily worked as a merchant. Occasionally he would retreat to a cave in the mountains for several nights of seclusion and prayer; later, at age 40, he reported at this spot, that he was visited by Gabriel and received his first revelation from God. Three years after this event Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that “God is One”, that complete “surrender” (lit. islām) to Him is the only way (dīn) acceptable to God, and that he was a prophet and messenger of God, similar to other Islamic prophets.
His name was changed to Abdullah by the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) himself. His cognomen/title was Abu Bakr, while his father’s name was Uthman and his title was Abu Qahafa. Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) was ranked amongst the noblest of the Quraish. His lineage, if traced back to his forefather Amjad Murra bin Ka-ab bin Liwa al-Qarshi, connects with that of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him). He was born in 574 A.D. about 3 years after the incident of the Elephant.
The first person to answer to the call of Islam after the wife of the Prophet (Peace be upon him), Khadija (Radhi Allahu Anhaa), was none other than Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu), thereby becoming the first adult male to convert to Islam. He was the most learned and astute of the Companions. If ever there arose discord amongst the Companions or a difference of opinion concerning a matter, it was to him that they turned and it was his decision that they hailed. He surpassed the other companions in his knowledge of the Quran, for which reason the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) appointed him leader of the congregational prayers. Having served his religion and his people all his life, on Monday the 22nd of Jamadi-ul-ukhra in the 13th year ofHijrah, he departed from this transient world to take his place in the next, permanent one and, on the very day of his death, was buried by the side of his beloved Muhammad (Peace be upon Him).
Name and Lineage:
His name was Yousuf, his father’s name was Ayoub and his Kuniyah (appellation) was Abu Yaqoob.
He was born 440 years after Hijrat in BUZANJARD, a town of Hamdan, an association that resulted in him being referred to as Hamdani.
His Vistues and Excellence:
He was one of the greatest luminaries among the Scholars (Mashaikh) of his age, attending the gatherings of Ulema, Sulaha and Fuqaha, renowned in their knowledge of Fatawa and Ahkam-e-Sharia. It is reported that he was the GHAUS of his time. (GHAUS being the title conferred upon Muslim saints who spend most of their time engaged in the worship of Allah, and it is commonly held that they are so wholly engrossed in worship that their bodies and limbs fall asunder.) He taught in Iraq and Khurasan and helped build the character of the nation. In Khurasan, he was a leading figure in the fields of Tarbiah and Sulook. He spent the sixty years that he was alive in preaching and guiding mankind and received great honour and respect and became one of the most famous personalities of his era.
He acquired his knowledge in Fiqah from Abu Ishaq Sheerazi and studied Hadithunder the tutelage of QaziAbul Husain Muhammad Bin Ali Abul Ghanaem Abdus Samad, Abu Jafar Muhammad bin Ahmed. He travelled far and wide to quench his thirst for knowledge, a thirst which had begun to manifest itself at a very youthful age, thereby resulting in him travelling to the cities of Baghdad, Asfahan, Iraq, Khurasan, Samarqand and Bukhara (well known cities of knowledge) when he was but eighteen and seeking knowledge from the renowned scholars residing there.
Suhbat: (keeping good campany with)
He was trained in good company of Shaikh Abdullah Jowainee Neshapooree and Shaikh Hasan Samnani. It is known that he was getting relation in Tusawwuf to Shaikh Abu Ali Farmadi.
While travelling from Harat to Marw, he passed away on the 22nd of Rabiulawwal 535 years after Hijrat at Bamaeen and was buried there. After the elapse of some time his body was transferred by one of his pupils, Ibn-u-Najar, to Murw and buried there. His burial site has been named after him and people come from far and sundry to visit his Shrine to get Faiz (bounty of Allah subhanahu Taala).
Birth and Lineage:
His date of birth could not be known. He belonged to an extremely respected family. He was born in Mozad Sokhar near Bukhara. He is known as Kalaal because he used to do pottery which is known as Kalaal in the language of Bukhara.
In youth, he was a wrestler and he used to spend his time in matches. One day, Baba Samaasi happened to pass by the wrestling area, and since then Ameer Kalaal began to change. When he saw Babas face, this wrestler received the gift of spiritual enlightenment. Baba accepted him as his son and Kalaal received the gift of spirituality from him.
Bait and Khilafat:
He was with Baba Samaas for twenty years. He used to visit Samaas twice a week, that is, on Mondays and Thursdays. He became the Khalifa after Baba, and he was among Baba’s great pupil.
He passed away on the 8th of Gamadi-ul- Awal, 772 Hijri at the time of Fajr. His shrine is in Sukhaar.
He was born on the 4th of Muharram, 718 Hijri in Kasr-e- Arfa which is one Farsang away from Bukhara.
Upbringing and Company:
On the third day of his birth, his grandfather took him to Baba Samaas. Baba Samaas accepted him as his son, and asked Ameer Kulaal to promise him to rear Khawaja Sahab. In this way, he entered the fortunate group of Ameer Kulaal and gradually became one of Ameers great Khalifas. On his death bed, Ameer directed all his Khalifas to be followers of Khawaja Sahab.
In his childhood, signs of Wilayat were evident in him. In fact, before his birth, Baba Samaas predicted that he will have such a noble character. He was simple and preached simplicity. He says that all that he has gained is due to simplicity. He was very particular about eating lawful food. Hazrat Mujadad-ul- Afsani says about him: He was a model of Fana-Fi-Allah and Baqa-Fi Allah.
Reasons for his name Naqshbandi:
When anybody met him for the first time, even in the first meeting, he made a powerful impression on people which erased all their previous thoughts. For this reason, he is called Naqshbandi. People used to become pious in his company.
The Strange Incident of his Death:
He used to tell his followers that he will teach them how to die when he will die. Consequently, when he was dying, he raised both his hands to pray and kept praying for a long time. By the time he massaged his hands on his face, he had already passed away. He passed away on the 3rd of Rabbiual Awal, 791 Hijri at the age of 73. His shrine is in Kasr-e-Arfa.
Shaykh Maulana Shams-ur-Rehman Al Abbasi (Daamut Barakaatuhu) is counted amongst the luminaries of this time and day. He adopted for himself the spiritual path of the Naqshbandi Chain. His first mentor and guide was Shaykh ul Arab wa Ajam Hazrat Maulana Abdul Ghafoor Al Abbasi Madni, after which he found himself under the tutelage and counsel of Maulana Syed Zawaar Hussein Shah Naqshbandi. He then followed a series of teachers and Shuyukhs; namely Maulana Mustajaab Khan (Rehmatullah Alaihi) and Maulana Abdul Haq Al Abbasi Madni Sahab Naqshbandi Ghafoori (Rehmatullah Alaihi).
On the 29th of Dhill Hajj in 1423 Hijri (2003), he established the Khanqah Ghafooria Haqqania Naqshbandia (a khanqah being a spiritual centre associated with Sufism). He started the Halqa Zikr on the instruction of Sufi Mohammad Iqbal (Rehmatullah Alaihi), who was the Khalifa of Shaykh-ul- Hadith Maulana Zakariya Sahab (Rehmatullah Alaihi). Maulana Shams-ur-Rehman (Daamut Barakaatuhu) devotes his time and energy trying to inculcate in people love for our Almighty creator, Allah(S.W) and trying to infuse in them a desire to hold fast to the Sunnah of our beloved Prophet (Peace Be upon Him).
His resolute and unwavering commitment to Shariya and his devotion to it are responsible for attracting to him innumerable disciples from among the students and scholars of noble Islam.
Hazrat Shaykh Humayun Hanif has been a Shaykh of Sufi Orders for more than two decades and in that process, has reformed the lives of countless individuals by instilling in them a raging love for Allah and His Prophet (SAW). Born in 1962, he resides in Karachi, Pakistan, where he has lived his entire life.
In 1989, Hazrat began attending Zikr Halqas conducted by Maulana Shamsur Rahman Abbasi DB and in 1991, he enrolled into the Naqshbandia Sufi Order in the hands of Maulana Shamsur Rahman Abbasi DB. In 1994, Hazrat was granted Ijazah (Authorization) to teach the Naqshbandiya Sufi Order, making him a Shaykh and the first Khalifa (Representative) of his Shaykh.
Hazrat has since, and continues to deliver lectures and conduct Zikr Halqas all around Pakistan and, in that process, he has illuminated numerous hearts with the Zikr of Allah. He now has students across the globe, with followings ranging from the villages of Kashmir to the metropolitans of the United States.
Travelling widely, he has been blessed by the company of various other Awliya, and was further granted Ijazah in the Naqshbandiya, Chistiya, Qadriya and Soharwardiya Orders by Hazrat Dr. Ismail Memon Madni DB (Khalifa of Shaykh-Ul-Hadith Hazrat Maulana Mohammad Zakariya Kandhalvi RA). He was also granted Ijazah in the Shazliya order by Maulana Ishaq Sajid DB(Khalifa-e-Mijaz of Maulana Ali Murtaza RA of Gadei Shareef) .
Hazrat has worked tremendously hard to eradicate misconceptions and fitnas in Islam, and his lectures contain a recurrent theme that rationally proves Islam as a deen (way of life) and not just a religion defining a set of rituals. His lectures provide logical proofs of the dangers of viewing Islam as something that is isolated from the world and, through examples in the life of the Holy Prophet (SAW), show how Islam is to be followed in the modern day. In that effort, most of the lectures and Halqas conducted also have separate, Shariah compliant arrangements for females so that they are not deprived the chance to learn the Zikr of Allah.
As a Shaykh, he is entrusted with the duty of purifying the souls of his students (Tazkiya-e-Nafs) and instilling in them a panoptic and exclusive love for Allah and His Prophet (SAW)- he does this through his own radiating love for Allah and His Prophet (SAW); obliterating the worldly loves of his students and truly cleansing the souls of those in the search for Allah.
Hazrat delivers weekly lectures at his House and is perennially available for the guidance and reformation of his students. Students who have entered into the Sufi Orders with Hazrat are required to remain under Hazrat’s active guidance, remaining in constant contact to ensure that every aspect of their lives is modelled under the commandments of the Shariah. In essence, taking bayt at the hands of Hazrat Shaykh Humayun Hanif DB is, in no way, ritualistic.
Hazrat pursued his primary and secondary education from the Karachi Grammar School and looked after the family business throughout his professional life. He has also engaged actively in welfare provision, being a board member of various organizations that provide healthcare, education, and other services for the betterment of society.
Since the age of 50, Hazrat has devoted all of his time to the islah (spiritual purification) and betterment of the Ummah.